Everyone is a budding photographer. The smartphone and Instagram filters have enabled good photography by the average phone user. However, a true photographer must learn the art of the camera. The digital camera is the basic tool for today’s photographer. If you are looking to winning a few awards in your photography path, here are some few tips to muster.
- Take steady shots
Blurry photos are the mark of the beginner. The trick lies in knowing how to handle the camera. You should hold it with both hands, close to the body. One hand should be around the body and the other around the lens. Your shutter speed should match the focal length of the camera. For example, a 100mm lens should be matched by a shutter speed of 1/100th a second. Stabilize the camera with a tripod whenever you can and where you can find a static object like a tree or a wall for support.
- Use the 1/3 rule
The 1/3 rule is where you divide your frame into 9 grids by imagining two vertical parallel lines evenly spaced dividing the frame, and another two parallel lines running horizontally and diving the frame. Always try to place the highlight of the photo in one third so that the eye can wander the whole frame evenly.
- Sunny 16 rule
When shooting outdoors, using the sunny 16 rule enables you to shoot photos that are neither over-exposed nor underexposed. If you are using ISO 100 set your aperture to f/16 and shutter speed to 1/100th of a second.
- Simple backgrounds
You want the eye to be drawn to the focal point of the photo. Use simple backgrounds that are neutral colored and plain where possible. If shooting outdoors, avoid object that draw the eye in the background.
- The right ISO
ISO settings determine the fineness of the grain and how sensitive the photo is to light. In darker light use higher ISO for example, 400, and in daylight use ISO 100.
- Using the flash
Do not use flash indoors if there is another source of light. Push the ISO up for example to 1600 and open the lens as wide as possible, for example f/1.8, to capture the available light.
- Create motion
If you want to capture an object in motion and show it, choose a shutter speed two steps slower. For example for 1/250 you would set 1/60. Follow the object when taking the photo.
- Use the polarizing filter
Using a polarizing filter reduces reflection from reflective surfaces like glass or water. You can leave it on to allow the camera to use through the lens auto metering.
- Different shuttle speeds
Play around with shuttle speeds to sharpen your skills in capturing moving objects.